Drip Irrigation – Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd.
Water scarcity is an ever present concern for the 180 million smallholder farmers in India who rely on stable sources of groundwater to cultivate crops outside of the monsoon season. Irrigation for agriculture alone accounts for over 80% of water use in India, more than any other sector. However, much of this water is applied inefficiently using flood irrigation, which remains the prevailing irrigation practice among farmers in India. This results in considerable losses of water – around 60% of water applied – in the form of surface run off, percolation and bare soil evaporation that does not contribute to any increases in yield.
Helping farmers to switch to drip irrigation is one way to address prevailing inefficient water practices. Unlike flood irrigation, which applies water indiscriminately to a field in large quantities, drip irrigation supplies water directly to the crop’s root zone using a network of pipes and tubes. As a result, over 90% of water applied is actually consumed by the crop as opposed to 35-40% using flood irrigation. In addition to decreasing water losses, drip irrigation applies water more frequently and in smaller volumes. This enhances the health of the crops and results in higher yields of 30-80%.
Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd.is a company with deep roots in agriculture. Using the revenue from WBCs, Jain will make drip irrigation affordable to approximately 40 contract farmers growing onion in northern Maharashtra. Over time, the project will be expanded to include farmers across India growing other water-intensive crops such as banana and sugarcane.
Water Benefit Certificate Project Factsheet
Efficient Agriculture-India - Drip Irrigation – Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd.
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